sl_lopatnikov (sl_lopatnikov) wrote,

Над чем полезно задуматься.


Корпорация РЭНД, давшая миру более 30 лауреатов Нобелевских премий, не считая консультантов, формулирует свою миссию просто: «Корпорация РЭНД – это некоммерческая организация, которая помогаут улучшить политику и принятие решений с помощью исследований и анализа». В поле зрения «РЭНД» находятся прктически все существенные области социальной деятельности, такие как национальная безопасность, международные отношения, здоровье населения, образование, бизнес, экология, юриспруденция, и т.д.

Чтобы дать некоторое представление о задачах решавшихся РЭНД в прошлом и ее стиле, полезно обратиться к избранным (мною) публикациям нобелевских лауреатов, работавших в «РЭНД» в разные годы. Полезно обратить внимание на сами годы.  ПОЛВЕКА НАЗАД. А ВРЕМЯ - ВПЕРЕД.
Luis Alvarez
Navigational Program (long range guided missile program). D-0062, 1946, Alvarez, L.
Use of Nuclear Energy in the Satellite. D-0075, 1947, Alvarez, L.
Notes on the Polonium Engine. RM-0002-PR, 1946, Alvarez, L.

Kenneth Arrow

Bayes and Minimax Solutions of Sequential Decision Problems. RAOP-37, 1948, Arrow, K. J., D. Blackwell, M. A. Girshick
The Possibility of a Universal Social Welfare Function. RAOP-41, 1948, Arrow, K. J
The Allocation of Resources Between Bombs and Bombers; Preliminary Report. D-0615, 1949, Arrow, K. J.
Remarks on Utility and Game Theory. D-0790, 1950, Arrow, K. J.
An Economic Analysis of the Market for Scientists and Engineers. RM-2190, 1958, Alchian, A. A., K. J. Arrow, W. M. Capron

Robert J. Aumann

Some Thoughts on the Theory of Cooperative Games. RM-3398, 1963, Aumann, R. J., G. Jentzsch
Values of Non-Atomic Games, Part III : Values and Derivatives. RM-6216, 1970, Aumann, R. J., L. S. Shapley
Values of Non-Atomic Games, Part V : Monetary Economies. R-0843, 1971, Aumann, R. J., L. S. Shapley

Gary S. Becker

Should the Military Pay for Training of Skilled Personnel?. D-4508, 1957, Becker, G. S.

Ronald Harry Coase
Problems of Radio Frequency Allocation. originally published in 1973, re-issued in 1995, DRU-1219, Coase, R. H., W. H. Meckling, J. R. Minasian

Gerard Debreu

Non-Negative Square Matrices. P-318, 1952, Debreu, G., I. N. Herstein
Definite and Semidefinite Quadratic Equations. P-247, 1951, Debreu, G.
Saddle Point Existence Theorems, P-264, 1952, Debreu, G
Numerical Representations of Technological Change. P-310, 1952, Debreu, G.
A Classical Tax-Subsidy Problem. P-357, 1952, Debreu, G.

Murray Gell-Mann

The Electromagnetic Signal from Nuclear Explosions at Sea Level. D(L)-8668, 1958, Christy, R. F., Murray Gell-Mann
Leonid Hurwicz
On Gradient Methods for Approaching Constrained Maxima, 1957, Kenneth Joseph Arrow, Leonid Hurwicz, Thomas A. Marschak, P-1015

Willard Frank Libby

Measurement of Ocean Waves in a Satellite Photograph. P-4230, 1969, Libby, L. M., W. F. Libby, S. S. Lawrence

Harry M. Markowitz

War and Peace. D-1075, 1951, Markowitz, H.
The Metal Working Industries after Atomic Attack. RM-1204, 1954, Markowitz, H
The Nature and Applications of Process Analysis. RM-1254, 1954, Markowitz, H
The Optimization of a Quadratic function Subject to Linear Constraints. P-637, 1955, Markowitz, H. M

Edwin Mattison McMillan

Atomic Drive for Missiles. RM-0003, 1946, McMillan, E. M.

John Forbes Nash, Jr.
Rational Non-linear Utility. D-073, 1950, Nash, J.
Two-Person Cooperative Games. P-172, 1950, Nash, J.
Some War Games. D-1379, 1952, Nash, J., R. M. Thrall

Edmund S. Phelps

A Comment on the Analysis of Pre-Launch Checkout. D-6940, 1959, Phelps, E.S.
Investment in Humans, Technological Diffusion, and Economic Growth. P-3295, 1966, Nelson, R.R, E. S. Phelps.

Paul Anthony Samuelson

Abstract of theorem concerning substitutability in Leontief systems. RM-107, 1949, Samuelson, P. A.
Game theory and linear programming. RM-270, 1949, Samuelson, P. A.
Note on optimal decisions in differential equation processes. RM-0114, 1949, Samuelson, P. A.
Equilibrium points in game theory. RM-484, 1950, Samuelson, P. A.

William Forsyth Sharpe

Mobility Versus Pre-Positioning (A Simple Model for the Simple World). D(L)-4683, 1957, W.F. Sharpe
Pre-Positioning Vs. Airlift for Logistical Support of Local Wars - a Possible Approach. D-4226, 1957, W.F. Sharpe, C.L. Larson
Prices, Weights and Dimensions of Major Classes of Army Equipment. D-6638, 1959, W.F. Sharpe
Mutual Fund Performance; Measurement and Prediction. P-3096, 1965, William F. Sharpe
Risk-Aversion in the Stock Market: Some Empirical Evidence. P-3084, 1965, William F. Sharpe
The Economics of Computers. R-463, 1969, William F. Sharpe

Herbert Alexander Simon

A Formal Theory of the Employment Relationship. P-204, 1950, Simon, H. A.
A Comparison of Organization Theories. P-219, 1951, Simon, H. A.
A Behavioral Model of Rational Choice. P-365, 1953, Simon, H. A.
The Logic Theory Machine : A Complex Information Processing System. P-868, 1956, Newell, A., H. A. Simon
Elements of a Theory of Human Problem Solving. P-971, 1957, Newell, A., H. A. Simon, J. C. Shaw
The Processes of Creative Thinking. P-1320, 1959, Newell, A., J. C. Shaw, H. A. Simon
Studies in Information Processing Theory: Similarity and Familiarity in Verbal Learning. RM-3979, 1964, Simon, H. A., E. A. Feigenbaum
Vernon L. Smith

An Econometric Study of Aircraft Malfunction Behavior. P-1424, 1958, Smith, V. L

Robert Merton Solow

An Econometric Model for Study of Changes in the Material Flow Coefficients of the Inter-Industry Model, 1929-1949. D-1027, 1951,
Kenneth Joseph Arrow, R. Solow, R. Shephard
Linear Programming and Economic Analysis. R-304, 1958, Robert Dorfman, P.A. Samuelson, R.M. Solow
The New Industrial State: A Discussion. D-16494, 1967, Robert M. Solow, John Kenneth Galbraith, David Novick

Oliver Williamson

Innovation and Market Structure. P-2944, 1964, Williamson, O.
Defense Contracts: An Analysis of Adaptive Response. RM-4363, 1965, Williamson, O.

Исключительно интересны и современные открытые работы. Пласт недоступных для публики работ неизвестен. 

Conquest in Cyberspace: National Security and Information Warfare (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and Information Technology Standards: Quest for the Common Byte (Digital Press, 1995)—as well as in numerous monographs, notably How Insurgencies End (with Ben Connable, 2010), Cyberdeterrence and Cyberwar (2009), How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering al Qa'ida (with Seth G. Jones, 2008), Exploring Terrorist Targeting Preferences (with Peter Chalk and Melanie W. Sisson, 2007), and Who Runs What in the Global Information Grid (2000). His most recent research involved organizing the U.S. Air Force for cyberwar, exploiting cell phones in counterinsurgency, developing a post-9/11 information technology strategy for the U.S. Department of Justice, using biometrics for identity management, assessing the Terrorist Information Awareness program of the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, conducting information security analysis for the FBI, and evaluating In-Q-Tel. Prior to joining RAND, Libicki spent 12 years at the National Defense University, three years on the Navy staff as program sponsor for industrial preparedness, and three years as a policy analyst for the U.S. General Accounting Office's Energy and Minerals Division. Libicki received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

  • Post a new comment


    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your IP address will be recorded